It is the branch of microbiology based on DNA to identify the disease causing micro- organism. The main aim of this research is to advance the understanding the biology of the diseases and used it to solve the public health problems.
At present we are focusing on Mycobacterium Tuberculosis and Human Papillomavirus in cervical cancer prevention.
Myco bacteria cause a disease known as mycobacterium tuberculosis. They are mostly found in water and soil and successfully grow in tissues with high oxygen content, such as lungs. Symptoms of this can be low weight, fever, night time sweating, persistent cough etc
HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) is a virus that is capable to infect humans and more than 120 HPV have been identified from which some are classified as “high risk”, as they lead to abnormal cell changes and can cause cervical cancer. Usually there are no symptoms when HPV occurs in high risk, so it is advisable to take vaccine for this which is given as a three dose series and is recommended for women between the age of 13 to 26 and for men 13 to 21 years of age.
Additionally it can affect men and women at any age and is sexually transmitted through contact with infected genital skin and bodily fluid which can be passed through intercourse and oral sex. It is good to take the vaccine at the age of 11 or 12 and before any sexual contact takes place as it response better at this age than at older age.